MLA citations are made up of the following core elements* (in this order):
Each element is followed by the punctuation as shown in the list above.
Not every element will be relevant to every item being documented.
A single item may have more than one container.
* In addition to the core elements, there are optional elements that may also be included in a citation (see pages 50-53 of the Handbook).
MLA is the citation style most commonly used in the Arts and Humanities.
A new edition of the MLA Handbook was published in 2016.
The 8th edition introduces many changes as well as a new approach to documenting sources.
Details, Examples, and a Practice Template:
The new MLA Style Center provides a range of guides and resources, including:
Print Copies and Guides:
Multiple copies of the new 8th edition are now available at the R.P. Bell Library and Music Library (LB 2369 .G53 2016).
Also, the popular (and helpful) MLA Formatting and Style Guide produced by the Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL) has been revised and updated to reflect the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook.
The Mount A Library’s MLA Citation Guides based on the 7th edition remain accessible below.
The following guides are based on the older 7th edition of the MLA Handbook:
The guide below is based on the new 8th edition of the MLA Handbook:
New 8th edition (2016)
The 7th edition (2009)