A large portion of the literature on Acadian history and culture available in the Ralph Pickard Bell Library are held in the Winthrop Pickard Bell Collection of Acadiana, a special collection that concentrates on the land area of historic Acadie. It includes material on the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island, and on eastern Maine to the Penobscot and Kennebec rivers with a focus on the history preceeding 1945. The Collection was established in 1967 with a gift of the private research library of Winthrop Pickard Bell, who graduated form Mount Allison in 1904 with a degree in mathematics. The W.P. Bell Collection presently has over 14,000 volumes in all languages and in all formats. An active acquisitions programme is maintained through support from the endowment for the W.P. Bell Chair in Maritime Studies. It is housed in the Rare Book Room on the Main floor of the University Library. In conjunction with this collection, the Mount Allison Libraries and Archives support and maintain the Chignecto Isthmus Database, which provides access to historical material on the people and places of the Tantramar region held by the Ralph Pickard Bell Library. Materials indexed include: books, pamphlets, maps, newspapers, journal articles, government publications and images, with a focus on the settlements of Sackville and area, Point de Bute, Port Elgin, Cape Tormentine, the great Tantramar Marsh and Forts Beausejour and Lawrence.
Other materials related to Acadians can be found in the Mary Mellish Archibald Memorial Library of Folklore, a collection of folk-music, folklore, ballad literature, folk-life, art song and college songs started by Dr. Raymond Claire Archibald in 1905 in honour of his mother, Mary Mellish Archibald, who had been the Preceptress (Principal of the Ladies College) at Mount Allison, as well as the Edgar and Dorothy Davidson Collection of Canadiana, a collection of early imprints on Canadian history and culture, which is housed in the Davidson Room on the third floor of the University library. This collection, the personal library of Dr. Davidson, was given to the University over a period of years. A catalogue of the collection available online.